OBJECTIVE: Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis by inhibiting phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase (AKT) signaling. High expression of miR-21 was associated with ovarian cancer. This study aims to investigate whether miR-21 regulates PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling as well as its role in the proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis was used to identify the binding site between miR-21 and the 3’-UTR of PTEN mRNA. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to confirm the relationship between miR-21 and PTEN. The expression of miR-21, PTEN, and p-AKT was measured in normal ovarian cell IOSE80, ovarian cancer cell lines A2780, and SKOV3. miR-NC or miR-21 inhibitor was transfected into A2780 or SKOV3 cells followed by the analysis of the expression of miR-21, PTEN, p-AKT, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, and proliferation by EdU assay.
RESULTS: There was a targeted relationship between miR-21 and PTEN. Compared with IOSE80 cell, levels of miR-21 and p-AKT were significantly elevated in A2780 and SKOV3 cells, with the statistical reduction of PTEN expression (p<0.05). The inhibition of miR-21 significantly reduced the expressions of miR-21 and p-AKT and induced PTEN level in A2780 and SKOV3 cells, which also restricted cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis.
CONCLUSIONS: The miR-21 expression is found elevated in ovarian cancer cells. The suppression of miR-21 increases PTEN expression, inhibits PI3K/AKT activity, promotes cell apoptosis, and reduces cell proliferation. This finding provides new leads to the future treatment of ovarian cancer.
To cite this article
H.-Y. Liu, Y.-Y. Zhang, B.-L. Zhu, F.-Z. Feng, H. Yan, H.-Y. Zhang, B. Zhou
miR-21 regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells through PTEN/PI3K/AKT
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 10