OBJECTIVE: This study aims to detect the expression pattern of microRNA-375 in colorectal cancer (CRC), and to examine its specific mechanism in regulating the progression of CRC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We detected microRNA-375 expression in 50 pairs of CRC and paracancerous tissues by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Correlation between microRNA-375 expression and pathological indexes of CRC patients was analyzed. Cellular expression of microRNA-375 in CRC cell lines was detected as well. Regulatory effect of microRNA-375 on biological behaviors of CRC cells was examined, including proliferative, invasive and migratory abilities. We used bioinformatics method to predict the potential target of microRNA-375 and finally explored their interactive functions in regulating CRC progression.
RESULTS: MicroRNA-375 expression remained higher in CRC tissues relative to paracancerous ones. CRC patients with a high level of microRNA-375 tended to have higher rates of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis compared with those with a low level. Transfection of microRNA-375 inhibitor greatly reduced proliferative, invasive and migratory abilities of CRC cells. RECK was predicted to be the target of microRNA-375, which was downregulated in CRC tissues and cells. Besides, RECK expression was negatively regulated by microRNA-375 in CRC. Rescue experiments confirmed that microRNA-375/RECK axis promoted the malignant progression of CRC.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-375 is upregulated in CRC, and correlated to lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. MicroRNA-375 enhances invasive and migratory abilities of CRC cells via regulating RECK.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
L.-J. Wei, D.-M. Bai, Z.-Y. Wang, B.-C. Liu
MicroRNA-375 accelerates the invasion and migration of colorectal cancer through targeting RECK
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 11