OBJECTIVE: Gastric carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors and one of the most common cancer-related fatal diseases. Chemotherapy is considered as the major therapy for advanced gastric cancer, and the curative effect of chemotherapy directly affects the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. Drug resistance of tumor cells is one of the important causes that induces failure of chemotherapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that verapamil (VER) can reverse drug resistance by inhibiting the P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is one of the main targets of VER. The present study aimed at investigating the function of glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) in the VER-induced reversal of doxorubicin (ADM) chemotherapy resistance in gastric carcinoma.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the current study, the 4 GC cell line was selected for investigation. The IC50 values of gastric cancer cells were measured using CCK-8 assay. The expression levels of candidate genes in gastric carcinoma cells were measured by RT-qPCR. The expression levels of candidate protein in gastric carcinoma cells were measured by Western blot. The expression of GCS protein in clinical specimens of GC receiving VER+TACE therapy was measured by immunohistochemistry. The test of gastric carcinoma cell apoptosis was measured by Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining.
RESULTS: We found that the expression levels changes of the GCS gene can influence the effects of ADM+VER on cell apoptosis. The role and mechanism of GCS gene in reversing the chemotherapy resistance of gastric carcinoma cells to ADM were explored.
CONCLUSIONS: In future research, we will explore the mechanism of how GCS affects drug resistance in gastric carcinoma and related signal transduction pathway.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
X. Wang, Y. Li, G.-F. Fan, T.-Y. Zhang, B. Sun, P.-S. Fan
Effect of verapamil in the reversal of doxorubicin chemotherapy resistance in advanced gastric cancer
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 14