Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (3): 1684-1707

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202102_24880

Predictors of morbidity and mortality in COVID-19

R.N. Gacche, R.A. Gacche, J. Chen, H. Li, G. Li

Department of Biotechnology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India. rngacche@unipune.ac.in

 


The mortality of COVID-19 patients is increasing in logarithmic fashion and is mostly observed in older age people and patients having history of chronic ailments like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular & cerebrovascular dysfunction, compromised immunity, renal comorbidities, hepatic, obesity problems etc., and recently investigated thrombotic complications. The molecular underpinnings linking the chronic human diseases with COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality are evolving and poorly understood. The aim of the present review is to discuss the mortality and morbidity in COVID-19 in relation to preexisting comorbidities across the globe, upcoming molecular mechanisms associated with expression profile of ACE2 and viral load, evolving pathophysiology of COVID-19 with special reference to thrombotic complication (‘Storm of Blood Clots’) and related predictive markers. The levels of plasminogen/plasmin in comorbid diseases of COVID-19 have been elaborated in the framework of risk and benefits of fibrinolysis in COVID-19. We have also attempted to discuss the puzzle of prescribing ARBs and ACEI drugs in COVID-19 management which are routinely prescribed for the management of hypertension in COVID-19 patients. A focused discourse on risk of cardiovascular complications and diabetes in concert with COVID-19 pathogenesis has been presented along with dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 induced immune dysfunctions in COVID-19 patients.

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To cite this article

R.N. Gacche, R.A. Gacche, J. Chen, H. Li, G. Li
Predictors of morbidity and mortality in COVID-19

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 3
Pages: 1684-1707
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202102_24880