OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. In the past decade, numerous studies focus on the prognostic nutritional index (i.e., a measure of serum albumin and lymphocyte in peripheral circulation) as a possible biomarker to predict the survival outcomes in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Prognostic nutritional index can reliably predict the survivability outcomes by effectively quantifying the nutritional and immunological status of cancer patients. To date, only one review has attempted to evaluate the impact of the prognostic nutritional index on the survival outcomes in lung cancer patients with certain limitations. The goal of the present systematic review and meta-analysis is to bridge the gap in the literature and evaluate the capacity of the prognostic nutritional index for predicting the survivability outcomes in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of prognostic nutritional index scoring on survival outcomes in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic academic literature search was performed based on the PRISMA guidelines across Web of Science, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Scopus, and MEDLINE databases. A random-effect meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of prognostic nutritional index scoring (i.e., high/low) on survival outcomes (i.e., progression-free survival, overall survival) in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
RESULTS: From 963 studies, 16 eligible studies with 4250 lung cancer patients (62.32 ± 5.08 years) undergoing chemotherapy were included. Our meta-analysis revealed worse mortality outcomes in terms of progression-free survival (HR: 1.31) and overall survival (1.21) for the group with a low prognostic nutritional index score as compared to the group with a high prognostic nutritional index score in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Subsequent subgroup analyses further demonstrated markedly worse outcomes for progression-free survival (1.32) and overall survival (1.52) in non-small lung cancer patients with lower prognostic nutritional index scores.
CONCLUSIONS: We provide preliminary evidence suggesting that lower prognostic nutrition index scores are associated with worse survivability outcomes (progression-free survival and overall survival) in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. We also show that lower prognostic nutrition index scores correlate with even worse survival outcomes in patients with non-small lung cancer histological subtype of lung cancer. These findings should help clinicians to stratify the risks associated with the chemotherapeutic management of lung cancer patients.
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To cite this article
Q. Zhang, J. Bao, Z.-Y. Zhu, M.-X. Jin
Prognostic nutritional index as a prognostic factor in lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 18