Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (23): 7543-7552

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27454

Effects of direct-acting antiviral therapy for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and concomitant hepatitis C—A population-based cohort study

H.-Y. Tsai, H.-P. Chang, C.-J. Chen, W.-L. Hsu, L.-Y. Huang, P.-C. Lee

Division of Health Technology Assessment, Center for Drug Evaluation, Taipei, Taiwan. gracehuang@mail2000.com.tw


OBJECTIVE: We analyzed real-world data to elucidate the effects of anti-Hepatitis C virus (HCV) direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy on survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and concomitant HCV infection treated with sorafenib.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and the Registration System for Patients Treated with Oral Hepatitis C Antivirals to identify patients with advanced HCC and concomitant HCV infection who received initial targeted therapy (sorafenib) in 2018-2019. The overall survival (OS) of the DAA and non-DAA groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Propensity score matching was performed using a ratio of 1:4 to reduce confounding between the DAA and non-DAA groups.

RESULTS: The study included 1,684 patients (122 DAA and 1,562 non-DAA users) with HCC and concomitant HCV infection who used sorafenib for the first time in 2018-2019. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that advanced HCC patients who used DAAs had longer OS compared to non-DAA patients. The mean survival times were 20.7 months for DAA and 12.5 months for non-DAA. Results obtained after propensity matching indicated a significant difference in OS between the DAA and non-DAA groups.

CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of big data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database revealed that advanced HCC patients on sorafenib benefited from DAAs as a treatment for HCV infection. Patients whose HCV infection was cured had better OS.

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To cite this article

H.-Y. Tsai, H.-P. Chang, C.-J. Chen, W.-L. Hsu, L.-Y. Huang, P.-C. Lee
Effects of direct-acting antiviral therapy for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and concomitant hepatitis C—A population-based cohort study

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 23
Pages: 7543-7552
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27454