OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of four exercise modalities on patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, and Embase were searched for relevant studies. The literature search was restricted to those published between January 2010 and June 2021. Randomized controlled trials of exercise interventions on NAFLD were collected. Data were presented as statistical graphics using ADDIS 1.16.5 and R-Studio 4.1.
RESULTS: Seventeen controlled studies analyzing 1627 patients with NAFLD were included. Patients were divided into the control group (n=688), aerobic training group (AT, n=554), resistance training group (RT, n=232), high-intensity interval training group (HIIT, n=53), and aerobic training with resistance training group (AT+RT, n=100). Results of the statistical analysis showed that the combined exercise intervention had the most significant effect on the total serum cholesterol of patients’ mean difference [MD=0.47(0.23, 0.73), p<0.05]. Levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were improved, but no significant difference was found in their levels in the four groups of exercise intervention. The intervention effect of the four exercises on blood lipid and liver enzymes in patients with NAFLD was in the order of AT+RT > HIIT > RT > AT > control.
CONCLUSIONS: Exercise interventions are recommended as stand-alone or adjunctive therapy. For patients with NAFLD who can tolerate various exercises, priority should be given to AT+RT exercise 4-5 times per week. The exercise intensity should be 50%-70% of the maximum heart rate and performed for >3 months to improve the effectiveness of the exercise supervision intervention.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
B.-J. Zhou, G. Huang, W. Wang, L.-H. Zhu, Y.-X. Deng, Y.-Y. He, F.-H. Ma
Intervention effects of four exercise modalities on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 24