Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5540-5552

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29425

Short-term efficacy and safety of edoxaban for venous thromboembolism after total hip or knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis

J.-L. Li, M. Zhang, J.-L. Mai, Y.-H. Ma, D.-W. Gong, S. Chen, J.-C. Xiao, H.-B. Wang

First School of Clinical Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, China. hipknee@163.com


OBJECTIVE: Previous preliminary clinical trials have confirmed that edoxaban can be efficacious for venous thromboembolism (VTE). This meta-analysis was considered to evaluate edoxaban’s short-term efficacy and safety for venous thromboembolism after arthroplasty.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in these databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and EMBASE on March 2022. All eligible trials should be randomized controlled trials (RCTs) when evaluating short-term efficacy and safety outcomes of edoxaban for VTE after total hip or knee arthroplasty.

RESULTS: Nine RCTs with 4274 patients were involved in this meta-analysis. Edoxaban in the VTE group prevented the incidence of VTE and indicated valuable clinical efficacy. The incidence of adverse events (AEs) and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the edoxaban group was decreased than that in other groups. Edoxaban increased the incidence of all bleeding events. However, in the edoxaban group and other groups, there was no statistical difference between major bleeding events and clinically relevant non-major or minor bleeding events. Edoxaban subgroups included edoxaban 15 mg, edoxaban 30 mg and edoxaban 60 mg prevented the incidence of VTE. Edoxaban 30 mg and 60 mg group increased the risk of all bleeding events. Edoxaban 30 mg can increase the incidence of major bleeding events. There was no difference in clinically relevant non-major or minor bleeding events. Edoxaban 30 mg can decrease the incidence of AEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Edoxaban was an efficacious and safe option to prevent and treat VTE in patients undergoing arthroplasty. However, we need further trials to explore edoxaban’s long-term efficacy and safety.

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To cite this article

J.-L. Li, M. Zhang, J.-L. Mai, Y.-H. Ma, D.-W. Gong, S. Chen, J.-C. Xiao, H.-B. Wang
Short-term efficacy and safety of edoxaban for venous thromboembolism after total hip or knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5540-5552
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29425