Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (17): 6251-6258

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29648

Global longitudinal strain score predicts all cause death in patients with chronic total occlusion with preserved ejection fraction

M. Özbek, M. Zihni Bilik, M. Demir, B. Arik, H. Şimşek, F. Ertaş, N. Toprak

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. dr.mehmetozbek@hotmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Change in LVEF is one of the most important indicators of prognosis in CTO cases. Studies in patients with CTO have shown improvement in LVEF approximately at 3 and 6 months after successful PCI. It has been shown that LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) starts to improve even 1 day after CTO-PCI. We aimed at investigating the effect of subclinical echocardiographic involvement on all-cause mortality in the group with CTO and preserved ejection fraction by evaluating the LV GLS score.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with LVEF ≥ 50% were considered to have preserved ejection fraction and were included in the study. The endpoint of the study was all-cause death. For this retrospective study, 1,171 patients with coronary angiography who had had CTO in any of their vessels were screened.

RESULTS: A total of 86 consecutive patients were reviewed in the study. The optimum GLS score cut-off value (≥ 14.18) for predicting mortality was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis (AUC: 0.897, sensitivity 87.5%, specificity 81.5% p<0.001). At a mean follow-up of 49 months, a significant difference was found between the two groups in all-cause mortality determined by the GLS score [2 (3.4%) vs. 14 (51.9%), p<0.001]. A significant difference in mortality was observed between the group with a low GLS score and the group with a high GLS score, according to Kaplan-Meier analysis. The effect of GLS score in predicting all-cause mortality was demonstrated in multivariate cox regression analysis (Low GLS score; OR: 6.36 95%CI (1.039-39.013), p=0.045). Cox regression multivariate analysis and the effect of GLS score in predicting mortality were observed [Low GLS score; OR: 6.368 95%CI (1.039-39.013), p=0.045].

CONCLUSIONS: As a predictor, GLS may be a valuable marker of cardiac subclinical dysfunction for all caused mortality in CTO patients.

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M. Özbek, M. Zihni Bilik, M. Demir, B. Arik, H. Şimşek, F. Ertaş, N. Toprak
Global longitudinal strain score predicts all cause death in patients with chronic total occlusion with preserved ejection fraction

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 17
Pages: 6251-6258
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29648