Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (1): 395-403

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30893

The effect of hereditary thrombotic factors and comorbidities on the severity of COVID-19 disease

M. Kose, N. Senkal, H. Konyaoglu, A. Emet, Y. Oyaci, S. Pehlivan, G.Y. Sayin

Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. nacisenkal@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide and presents critical challenges for public health. Due to its chronic and systemic course, COVID-19 is currently accepted as a multi-systemic infectious disease. Here we explore the possible association between disease course and hereditary thrombotic factors and comorbidities.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients admitted to the COVID-19 center in the Istanbul Faculty of Medicine were recruited for the study. The patients were classified according to the clinical course, severe vs. mild. Five polymorphic loci were analyzed by multiplex PCR: Factor V Leiden (FVL), FII G20210A, Beta-fibrinogen G-455A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C.

RESULTS: FII G20210A and Beta-fibrinogen G-455A genotypes were significantly higher in the study group compared to the literature. Wildtype genotype (GG) in Factor V Leiden locus was significantly associated with low D-Dimer levels (p =0.013). The GA genotype increased the D-Dimer levels 2.55-times compared to the GG genotype (p =0.003). Moreover, the Beta-fibrinogen G-455G genotype was significantly higher in the LDH>250 group (p =0.046).

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of solid tumors in patients with COVID-19 was related to the severity of the disease course. No evidence of a correlation between the severity of the disease and all five thrombotic mutations was found, whereas the FII G20210A and Beta-fibrinogen G-455A mutations were significantly high compared to previously reported Turkish population data and global carrier rates. This finding will need to be verified by further studies with larger samples since it may reflect a likelihood of having the COVID-19 disease. The high carrier frequency of FVL mutation was more likely present in the D-dimer high group generating an increase in the D-dimer levels 2.55-times compared to the wildtype.

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To cite this article

M. Kose, N. Senkal, H. Konyaoglu, A. Emet, Y. Oyaci, S. Pehlivan, G.Y. Sayin
The effect of hereditary thrombotic factors and comorbidities on the severity of COVID-19 disease

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 1
Pages: 395-403
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30893