OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of obesity prospectively on tooth movement via an orthodontic device and changes in inflammatory cytokines, periodontal tissues, and orofacial pain.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective design in which data was gathered at baseline T0, 1 hour, 24 hours, and 1 week after the application of fixed orthodontic appliances. The total sample size was 60 participants aged between 12 to 18 years and divided into 2 groups based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anthropometrical estimation was made using a bioimpedance meter. A clinical assessment was performed before the application of fixed appliance bonding (T0) one hour after bonding (T1), after 24 hours (T2), and finally after one week (T3). At T0 little irregularity index was assessed, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected and periodontal examination including probing depth (PD), gingival bleeding (GB), and the presence or absence of calculus were measured. Orofacial pain was assessed at three levels: 1 hours, 24 hours, and 1 week after application of fixed orthodontics using a visual analog scale. For inter-group comparison, Mann-Whitney and t-tests were used and for interphase, comparison cluster analysis was performed. The level of significance was p<0.05.
RESULTS: The participants in obese groups were significantly higher in terms of weight, BMI, WHR, FM, and BF than in the non-obese group (p<0.05). Obese participants had significantly more PD 4-5 mm (0.64±0.23 mm) and significantly higher BoP than non-obese participants (0.13±0.10 mm). Little’s irregularity index at T0 and T3 showed no significant difference among obese and non-obese participants. The inflammatory cytokines level of IL-β was higher in the obese group compared to non-obese groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The intensity of orofacial pain was higher in obese participants after 24 hours along with high levels of IL-β pro-inflammatory cytokines before and during orthodontic treatment. No difference was noted in tooth movement in both obese and non-obese during orthodontic treatment in the first week.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Effect of obesity on tooth movement using an orthodontic device and changes in inflammatory cytokines, periodontal tissues, and orofacial pain
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 27 - N. 5