Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (22): 11185-11191
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202311_34488

Evaluation of the pleth variability index, perfusion index, and other physiological parameters after COVID-19

G.Ş. Gökdemİr

Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mardin Artuklu University, Mardin, Turkey. gulsahikagokdemir@artuklu.edu.tr


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the changes in pleth variability index (PVI), perfusion index (PI) and other hemodynamic parameters in adult individuals who had had Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and were currently living a normal life. A further aim was to draw attention to the fact that some hemodynamic changes after COVID-19 may cause long-term health problems.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 174 adult individuals who had had COVID-19 and were currently living a normal life and 56 healthy individuals with similar demographic characteristics who had not had COVID-19 were included in the study. The PI, PVI, oxygen saturation (SpO2), pulse rate (PR), total hemoglobin (Hgb), oxygen reserve index (ORI), and blood pressure values were measured by Masimo Radical 7. The data of individuals who had and did not have COVID-19 before were compared.

RESULTS: The mean PVI (p = 0.008) and PI (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in people who had been exposed to COVID-19. Likewise, the mean of ORI, SpO2, and SpOC values was observed to be significantly lower in participants exposed to COVID-19 disease (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.006, respectively). The PVI had a positive correlation with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.263, p < 0.001) and a negative correlation with SpO2 (r = -0.194, p = 0.003) and PR (r = 0.190, p = 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS: The PVI, PI, and other physiological parameters could potentially be useful for monitoring COVID-19 patients and evaluating their response to therapy. We believe that people who have been exposed to COVID-19 may be more susceptible to other diseases; therefore, they should be subjected to regular clinical checks.

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To cite this article

G.Ş. Gökdemİr
Evaluation of the pleth variability index, perfusion index, and other physiological parameters after COVID-19

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 22
Pages: 11185-11191
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202311_34488