Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (23): 7553-7564

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27455

Effect of ambient air pollutants PM2.5 and PM10 on COVID-19 incidence and mortality: observational study

S.A. Meo, T. Al-Khlaiwi, C.H. Ullah

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. smeo@ksu.edu.sa


OBJECTIVE: Environmental pollution is a leading global challenge affecting weather conditions and causing severe environmental, social, and public health problems. This study explores the impact of ambient air pollutants, particular matter (PM), PM2.5 and PM10 on morbidity and mortality of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) globally.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, initially 492 research articles were identified through seven search engines containing Web of Science, Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, WHO COVID-19 literature, and Ovid databases by consuming keywords “Environmental pollution, Ambient air pollutants, particulate matter, PM2.5, PM10, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and COVID-19 pandemic”. Finally, 26 original research publications were included for the analysis, and the remaining were excluded. These studies were originated from the United States of America (9), China (5), Italy (3), India (1), worldwide (1), and one study each from England, Spain, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Japan, and Iran.

RESULTS: The analysis based on a worldwide dataset assembled the information from the global literature from December 2019 to September 30, 2021. The assessment for the various regions to a global extent was based on air pollutants and COVID-19 cases and deaths. Twenty- six studies met the selection criteria representing almost all over the world. Based on the synthesis of scientific studies, it was identified that PM2.5 and PM10 are associated with 15.08%, 11.44 increased COVID-19 cases, and 9.26% and 0.75% COVID-19 deaths, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The evidence indicates that PM2.5 and PM10 can affect COVID-19 epidemiology in various geographical regions. The findings established an association and a possible causal link between increasing ambient air pollutants, particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10 with increased incidence and mortality of COVID-19. The global health authorities must take strict preventive measures to minimize air pollution and combat such challenging and threatening COVID-19 pandemic globally.

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To cite this article

S.A. Meo, T. Al-Khlaiwi, C.H. Ullah
Effect of ambient air pollutants PM2.5 and PM10 on COVID-19 incidence and mortality: observational study

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 23
Pages: 7553-7564
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27455